Welcome to my website

ON7YK - (ex)ON1ABO - (ex)ON7CB
C5YK - C5S - (ex)C56YK

On the web since 2001
Belgian / Gambian Radioamateur Station

Inverted V dipole calculation an construction .

Inverted V Schema

Making your dipole antenna yourself is always better than buying one .
What do you need: cu wire , balun 1:1 and rope . For the wire I use : CQ-532 antenna wire (AWG 18) , is a little more expensive but is UV resistant and light weight .

The most widely used formula to calculate the approximate overall length of wire required for a dipole is : 468 / frequency (MHz) = length of wire in feet or dipole length in meters : 143 / frequency in MHz .
Dipoles have a feed point of about 75 Ohm in free space and can be fed with a 50 Ohm to 75 Ohm coax with or without a 1:1 balun .
The use of a balun is highly recommended . By isolating the feedline, you won't get RF in the shack, and your dipole will behave like a real dipole . Your coax line will be a coax line , not a part of your antenna .

Special Calculation 5 % longer ( Why , see below )!

Enter primary operating frequency in Mhz .

Inverted V, approximate angle from horizontal .

Click to or

Inverted V .
Inverted V Length . Assuming level ground , the minimum height of Inv. V will be ( length of leg * sin angle from horizontal ) plus the height of end points of Inv. V above ground. The horizontal spread of Inv. V will be the distance from end point to end point, plus the tie off points .
Inverted V each leg .
Minimum vertical height .
Minimum horizontal spread .
Standard (straight) dipole .
Standard dipole length .
Each leg .

Interpreting the results .

The Half-Wave Dipole Antenna .

The length of wire required for a given frequency is found with the help of an antenna calculator . however, the actual resulting frequency of resonance and feed-point impedance of a dipole will depend on :

  • The height of the dipole above ground .
  • The conductivity of the ground below .
  • The presence of buildings, trees, metal structures (tower) .

The Inverted V Dipole Antenna .

When each side of a dipole slopes down from the feed point , it is commonly called an inverted V and the results are different from a normal dipole .

  • A more omni-directional radiation pattern than that of a normal dipole .
  • A higher resonant frequency for the same length of wire as the dipole !!!!!!!!!!!!
  • A lower feed point impedance than the horizontal dipole (for feed points at the same height above ground) .
  • Some loss in Bandwidth .

Beware :

Some say that the inverted V should be cut 4-5% shorter than the dipole !
But if you do that, the inverted V would resonate at an even higher frequency !
Most calculators results for a inverted V antenna for 5.360 Mhz
Results : Each leg 13,04 Meter = resonate most of the time to high in frequency !!!!

Calculator I use here above .

Example : My calculation for a 5 Mhz dipole freq. 5.360 has a length of 13.68 meters each leg , Inverted V as 22 Degree . The antenna calculator above will give you a wire length which will be 5% longer than that dipole at the desired frequency of operation . This calculation will give you some leeway to trim the wire ends back .
As the two sections of the dipole are lowered below the feed point , the angle between the two legs decreases with as results :
  • The resonant frequency of the inverted V rises .
  • The influence of the ground conductivity and dielectric constant becomes an increasing factor .

After installing the inveted V at 12M above ground I become for each leg : 13,44 Meter .
In my case , when I using the standard calculation formula its give my a big problem , the standard calculation = 13,04 meter each leg , effect = 40cm to short !!

Note :
To avoid cutting the wire , I usually just fold back each end of the antenna wire on itself and tape it tight if it's insulated wire - or twist it back on itself if you are using bare wire . The resonance frequency shifts upwards . After you can go easly back to the beginning of the band and vice versa . Especially on the lower HF bands recommended , because the bandwidth is not wide (100-150 Khz) . And for a temporary setup a must .
Therefore, the angle between the two legs of an inverted V should not be less than 90 degrees .

Balun 1:1 construction .

Balun 1:1
Current Balun .

A lot of articles have been written about the meaning and the unintentional use of a balun with a dipole antenna . My experience is: use a current balun.
Making a balun yourself is not difficult. The construction and choice of materials are important, especially when using high power . On the picture you can see 2x4 turns , I using 2x6 turns .

Materials needed for a good home made current balun :

1: Ferrit Toroidring for instance FT240-61 or FT240- 43 or for lower bands FT240-31 .
2: 1 Meter Teflon coax cable like RG 142 or Rg 303 up to 2KW .
3: Waterproof plastic box .
4: PL SO239 socket .
5: M6 inox bolts and screws .
6: rubber sealing washers .

Winding technique is important ! With coax from outside to the ferrite ring. Wind 6 turns on one half of the ring, then through the ring to the other side and wind again 6 turns . The end of the winding should then be on the opposite position of the beginning of the winding. ( See picture ). Then, fix the winding with PVC tape .

A small hint for static discharge .

If the antenna has no connection to ground , add a small 10 K resistor between center conductor and braid of the coax to discharge static electricity .This prevents "noisy tick" from statics .